Overview

The stunningly simple-to-use D3100 is every family's answer to beautiful images. Whether the moment calls for a family portrait or a sharp shot of toddlers on the run, Guide Mode shows you how to capture stunning photos in no time at all. D-Movie lets you record full HD movie clips and capture the action in superb quality day or night. Nikon’s advanced EXPEED 2 image processing engine maximizes the performance of the 14.2 megapixel CMOS sensor for amazingly clear images with vivid colors. Incredibly lightweight for an SLR, the D3100 makes it easy to capture your family looking wonderful wherever you go.

 

Key features

14.2 megapixel DX-format CMOS image sensor delivers lifelike images with vivid colors, reduced noise and smooth tonal gradations.

EXPEED 2 image processing engine provides enhanced movie recording, high-sensitivity performance and maximum image quality.

High ISO (100-3200) light sensitivity - extendable up to 12800: features an Auto ISO setting and is manually extendable up to ISO 12800 using the Hi2 setting. Enables faster shutter speeds, significantly reducing the risk of blurred images when you shoot fast-moving subjects or take pictures in low light.

GUIDE mode: quick and easy-to-use in-camera assistance. Asks you about the picture you want to take and automatically optimizes settings for superior results. Sample images appear on the display to show you what will happen to your image if you apply the suggested settings.

D-Movie – full HD (1920 x 1080) movie clips: record beautiful high-definition (HD) movie clips with sound. The camera’s large image sensor and high ISO sensitivity offer exceptional image quality. NIKKOR lenses can be used to obtain cinematic effects and you can make simple edits of your clips in-camera by deleting scenes or saving specific frames as still images.

Live View with Scene Auto Selector: makes it easy to compose images using the LCD monitor. Scene Auto Selector will select the best mode for the scene and subject you want to capture, and Fulltime servo AF (AF-F) mode keeps subjects in focus without the need to press the shutter release button.

Large 7.5 cm (3-inch), high-resolution LCD monitor makes it easy to view essential camera information, and a pleasure to review and edit your photos and movies.

Razor-sharp 11-point Autofocus system offers fast and precise autofocus coverage across the frame. Four AF-area modes, including 3D-tracking AF, deliver sharp results, whether your subject is off-center, moving fast or completely unpredictable.

Active D-Lighting automatically retains details in highlights and shadows for stunning images with natural contrast.

Picture Controls lets you set the look and mood of your images before you shoot. Choose from six settings: Standard, Vivid, Neutral, Monochrome, Portrait and Landscape.

Extensive in-camera editing functions let you edit and enhance images and movies in the camera. Offers techniques such as Red-Eye Correction and Quick Retouch, as well as a range of Filter Effects.

Dual Integrated dust reduction system: Image Sensor Cleaning and Airflow Control systems keep dust away from the camera’s image sensor for clear, spot-free images.

Lightweight body and superior ergonomics: a secure grip makes the camera comfortable to handle. Dedicated controls for frequently used functions like Live View, D-Movie and shutter release make it a joy to operate.

 

Technical Specifications

TypeSingle-lens reflex digital camera
Lens mountNikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Effective angle of viewApproximately 1.5x lens focal length (Nikon DX format)
Image sensor23.1 x 15.4 mm CMOS sensor
Effective pixels14.2 million pixels
Total pixels14.8 million pixels
Dust-reduction systemImage sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (optional Capture NX-D software required)
Image size (pixels)4,608 x 3,072 (L); 3,456 × 2,304 (M); 2,304 × 1,536 (S)
Storage file formatsNEF (compressed RAW); JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1 : 4), normal (approx. 1 : 8), or basic (approx. 1 : 16) compression; Simultaneous recording of compressed RAW and JPEG fine image possible
MediaSD (Secure Digital), SDHC, SDXC, and Eye-Fi memory cards
Picture Control SystemCan be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Landscape, Portrait; selected Picture Control can be modified
ViewfinderEye-level pentamirror single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverageApprox. 95% horizontal and 95% vertical
MagnificationApproximately 0.8× (50mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
Eyepoint18 mm (-1.0 m-1)
Diopter adjustment-1.7 to +0.5 m-1
Focusing screenType B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen
Reflex mirrorQuick return type
Lens apertureInstant return, electronically controlled
Compatible lensesAF-S or AF-I NIKKOR: All functions supported. Type G or D AF NIKKOR without built-in autofocus motor: All functions except autofocus supported. Other AF NIKKOR without built-in autofocus motor: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D color matrix metering II. IX NIKKOR and F3AF: Not supported. Type D PC lenses: All functions supported except autofocus and some shooting modes. AI-P NIKKOR: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D color matrix metering II. Non-CPU: Autofocus not supported. Can be used in exposure mode M, but exposure meter does not function. Electronic rangefinder can be used if lens has a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
Shutter typeElectronically controlled, vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Shutter speed1/4000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3 EV, bulb
Flash sync speedX=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower
Release modeSingle frame, continuous, self-timer, quiet shutter release
Frame advance rateUp to 3 fps (manual focus, mode M or S, shutter speed 1/250 s or faster, and other settings at default values)
Self-timer2 s, 10 s
Exposure meteringTTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
Metering methodMatrix: 3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering II (other CPU lenses); Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 8-mm circle in center of frame; Spot: Meters 3.5 mm circle (about 2.5 % of frame) centered on selected focus point
Metering range (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20 °C/68 °F)Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV; Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
Exposure meter couplingCPU
ModeAuto modes (auto, auto (flash off); scene modes (portrait, landscape, child, sports, close up, night portrait); programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
Exposure compensation-5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Exposure lockLuminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
ISO sensitivityISO 100 to 3200 in steps of 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 2 EV above ISO 3200 (ISO 12800 equivalent); auto ISO sensitivity control available
Active D-LightingCan be selected from on or off
AutofocusNikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, 11 focus points (including one cross-type sensor), and AF-assist illuminator (range approx. 0.5–3 m/1 ft. 8 in.–9 ft. 10 in.)
Detection range-1 to +19 EV (ISO 100 at 20°C/68°F)
Lens servoAutofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status. Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
AF-area modeSingle-point AF, dynamic-area AF, auto-area AF, 3D-tracking (11 points)
Focus lockFocus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Built-in flashGuide number of approximately 12/39, 13/43 with manual flash (m/ft, ISO 100, 20°C/68°F); Auto, portrait, child, close up, night portrait: Auto flash with auto pop-up; P, S, A, M: Manual pop-up with button release
Flash controlTTL: i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR using 420-pixel RGB sensor. i-TTL balanced fill-flash is available with built-in flash and SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, or SB-400 when matrix or center-weighted metering is selected. Standard i-TTL is available with built-in flash and SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, or SB-400 when spot metering is selected (Flash mode can be set using Speedlight controls with SB-900, SB-800, and SB-600). Auto aperture: Available with SB-900/SB-800 and CPU lens. Non-TTL auto: Supported flash units include SB-900, SB-800, SB-80DX, SB-28DX, SB-28, SB-27, and SB-22S. Distance-priority manual: Available with SB-900 and SB-800
Angle of coverageSufficient to illuminate the angle of view of an 18 mm lens. Picture edges may be slightly dark depending upon conditions, such as the lens used and the aperture setting.
Flash modesAuto, portrait, child, close up: Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, off available with built-in flash; Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional flash units. Night portrait: Auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, off available with built-in flash; Slow sync and slow sync with red-eye reduction available with optional flash units. Landscape, sports: Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional flash units. P, A: Fill-flash, rear-curtain with slow sync, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction. S, M: Fill-flash, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction
Flash compensation-3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Flash-ready indicatorLights when built-in flash or optional flash unit such as SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, SB-400, SB-80DX, SB-28DX, or SB-50DX is fully charged; blinks for 3 s after flash is fired at full output
Accessory shoeISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Sync terminalAS-15 sync terminal adapter (available separately)
Nikon Creative Lighting SystemAdvanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-900, SB-800, or SU-800 as commander. Flash color information communication supported with built-in flash and all CLS-compatible flash units
White balanceAuto (TTL white balance with main image sensor and 420-pixel RGB sensor); incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine tuning.
Live view - lens servoAutofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F). Manual focus (MF)
Live view - AF-area modeFace-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Live view - autofocusContrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Live View - automatic scene selectionAvailable in auto and auto flash off modes
Movie - file formatFile format: MOV
Movie - frame size (pixels) and frame rateFrame size/rate: 1920 × 1080, 24 fps; 1280 × 720, 30 fps
Movie - video compressionVideo compression: H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Movie - audio recording formatAudio recording format: Linear PCM
Movie - audio recording deviceAudio (Sound): Monaural microphone built in. Can be set to on or off.
Movie - meteringMetering: TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Monitor3-in. (7.5cm)., approx. 230k-dot TFT LCD with brightness adjustment
PlaybackFull-frame playback; Movie playback; Thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback; Slide show; Histogram display; Highlights display; Auto image rotation; Image comment (up to 36 characters)
Retouch functionsD-Lighting, red-eye correction, trim, monochrome, filter effects, color balance, small picture, image overlay, NEF (RAW) processing, quick retouch, straighten, distortion control, fisheye, color outline, perspective control, miniature effect, edit movie
USBHi-Speed USB
HDMI outputType C HDMI connector
Accessory terminal(s)Remote cord: MC-DC2 (available separately); GPS unit: GP-1 (available separately)
Supported languagesChinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
BatteryOne rechargeable Li-ion EN-EL14 battery (supplied)
AC adapterEH-5a AC adapter; requires EP-5A power connector (available separately)
Dimensions (W x H x D)Approx.124 × 96 × 74.5 mm (4.9 × 3.8 × 2.9 in.)
WeightApprox. 505 g (1 lb. 1.8 oz.) with battery and memory card but without body cap
DurabilityBody and shutter unit both durable up to approximately 100,000 cycles.
 

Kits

D3100 18-55VR Kit

Great value kit. Enables you to shoot in low-light without a flash, for more natural-looking images. Includes the D3100 camera and the 3x zoom AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55mm VR lens that features Vibration Reduction to reduce the effects of camera shake.

D3100 18-55VR + 55-200VR Kit

Versatile double VR lens kit. Includes the D3100 camera, the AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55mm VR wide-angle zoom lens and the AF-S DX NIKKOR 55-200mm VR telephoto lens. Both lenses feature Vibration Reduction to reduce the effects of camera shake.

D3100 18-55VR + 55-300VR Kit

Terrific double VR lens kit. Includes the D3100 camera, the AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55mm VR wide-angle zoom lens and the powerful AF-S DX NIKKOR 55-300MM F/4.5-5.6G VR 5.5x zoom lens with super-telephoto reach for stunning close-ups.